If you're familiar with Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies, you understand just how indispensable a digital wallet is. In order to transact, trade on a crypto exchange, or utilize blockchain applications, it's crucial that you know how cryptocurrency wallets work and the distinction between custodial and non-custodial wallet providers.
How Do Crypto Wallets Work?
A crypto wallet program lets you access and interact with a blockchain network. You can use it to store, send and receive cryptocurrencies and interact with DApps built on the blockchain.
Cryptocurrencies are not stored in crypto wallets. Instead, these wallets contain the information users need to access their digital assets. Still, for the sake of simplicity, crypto wallet users tend to refer to this action as "storing currency," so this phrase will be used in this article.
A crypto wallet comprises two main parts: public and private keys.
To receive crypto, people can send a transaction to one of your wallet's addresses generated by your wallet's public key. This public key can be distributed to others.
It would be best to safeguard your private key as though it were a top-secret password; it is used to sign transactions and grant you access to your crypto funds. As long as you keep your private key safe, you can access your crypto from any computer.
Cryptocurrencies exist in a digital form; however, their private and public keys can be stored in various ways. These include being printed on paper, accessed through desktop wallet software, or stored offline in a hardware wallet.
Certain wallets support the safeguarding and transferring of NFTs created on a blockchain. No matter what type of wallet you use, it will always be either custodial or non-custodial for your cryptocurrency.
What Is a Custodial Crypto Wallet?
A custodial crypto wallet is where a third party holds and manages your private keys. This means that you need full control of your funds and can sign transactions independently. While not possessing full autonomy over your assets may seem like a downside, there are advantages to using this type of wallet service.
At the outset of Bitcoin, users had to create and maintain their wallets and private keys to use the cryptocurrency. Although being one's bank can be advantageous, it can be difficult and dangerous for those with little experience. You will only reclaim your digital money if your private keys are protected. Blockchain investigations reveal more than 3 million BTC having been lost irretrievably.
To ensure that your crypto inheritance is retrieved, sharing access to your assets with a custodian is essential. If the original owner holds the private keys alone, there is the potential for an irrecoverable loss. Avoid unfortunate situations by taking the appropriate steps to ensure asset protection.
If you have forgotten your password to a cryptocurrency exchange, contact customer support to regain access to your account and assets. If you are using a non-custodial wallet, you must take it upon yourself to ensure the security of your crypto.
When deciding to use a custodial wallet service, ensure that the exchange or service provider you trust with your private keys is reliable and trustworthy. This is because you will be entrusting them with your valuable information, making it essential to pick a service with a good track record.
When researching custodial service providers, individuals should consider several key pieces of information, such as if the provider is regulated, the types of services available, the storage of their private keys, and any form of insurance provided.
What Is a Non-Custodial Crypto Wallet?
For those looking for full control of their funds, a non-custodial crypto wallet is an ideal choice. The user holds and manages their private keys without any third-party intermediaries, enabling the direct trading of cryptocurrencies directly from their wallets. This makes it an attractive option for crypto veterans and investors who are comfortable managing and protecting their own private keys and seed phrases.
When interacting with a DEX or DApp, you need a non-custodial wallet. Popular DEX examples requiring a non-custodial wallet include Uniswap, SushiSwap, PancakeSwap, and QuickSwap.
Non-custodial wallet services such as Trust Wallet and MetaMask can offer excellent security services. However, it is important to remember that protecting your seed phrase and private keys is solely up to you.
Comparison Between Custodial and Non-Custodial Wallets
|Features||Custodial Service||Non-custodial Service|
|Private Key||Third-party ownership||Wallet holder ownership|
|Accessibility||Registered accounts||Accessible to anyone|
|Transaction Costs||Typically higher||Typically lower|
|Security||Typically lower||Typically higher|
|Support||Typically higher||Typically lower|
Advantages and Disadvantages of Custodial Wallets
The primary disadvantage of custodial wallets is the necessity to entrust a third party with your funds and confidential information. Furthermore, these service providers almost always demand identity verification (KYC). On the bright side, it can provide security and ease of use. You won't have to be concerned about misplacing your private key; customer service is available to assist when you experience any issues.
When selecting custodial services, choosing a dependable and trustworthy entity that provides robust protection and insurance is important. Thoroughly research and select only organizations compliant with regulations and policies.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Non-Custodial Wallets
Non-custodial wallets provide complete control over your keys and funds, without the need for a third-party guardian. This means that your assets are entirely yours, and you can act as your own bank. Additionally, non-custodial transactions tend to be quicker as you don't have to wait for withdrawal approval, and you don't have to worry about incurring extra custodial fees that can be expensive depending on the service provider you choose.
However, non-custodial wallets can be less user-friendly, which may be a disadvantage for first-time crypto holders. As non-custodial service providers continue to develop, this issue should be resolved in the future.
It's important to note that you are solely responsible for managing your keys and must take your own precautions. Instead of trusting someone else to take care of your funds, you must trust yourself.
To safeguard your cryptocurrency and shield yourself from cyber criminals, take the following safety precautions into account:
- Create a password that is difficult to guess.
- Adding two-factor authentication (2FA) as an extra layer of security.
- Be mindful of potential scams and fraudulent phishing attempts.
- Exercise caution when clicking links and installing new programs.
What Type of Wallet Should I Use for My Cryptocurrency?
Having a hot and cold wallet when dealing with cryptocurrencies, specifically NFTs, is beneficial. Traders and investors typically use a combination of both depending on the circumstances. Nevertheless, always make sure to double-check that the wallet you are using is compatible with the specific crypto asset you plan on storing. As different cryptos require different approaches to storage, it isn't easy to manage them all in the same way.
By token standards, we can group various types of cryptocurrencies running on different blockchain networks into distinct categories. Nonetheless, the same token can still exist on multiple blockchains, conforming to distinct standards.
Regarding crypto, many users use both custodial and non-custodial wallets. Which wallet you ultimately choose largely depends on your particular needs. Those looking for full control over their assets or who wish to use blockchain technology to interact with DeFi apps may find a non-custodial wallet better suited for their requirements. On the other hand, those looking for a service provider to take care of their storage needs while trading or investing can seek dependable custodial wallet services.
Remember that it is essential to use caution and utilize security measures when managing your finances, whether you are operating a custodial or non-custodial wallet.