Basic Cryptocurrency Trading Strategies

Basic Cryptocurrency Trading Strategies


To succeed in cryptocurrency trading, it is crucial to adopt a structured approach that incorporates various techniques. By organizing these methods into a coherent framework, you can consistently monitor and optimize your cryptocurrency strategy.

When constructing your trading strategy, it is essential to consider the two primary schools of thought: technical analysis (TA) and fundamental analysis (FA). Understanding the distinctions between these concepts is imperative before proceeding further.

This comprehensive guide will delve into some of the most prevalent trading strategies, primarily focusing on cryptocurrency trading. However, it is worth noting that these strategies can also be applied to other financial assets like forex, stocks, options, or precious metals such as gold.

Are you ready to devise your own trading strategy? By familiarizing yourself with the fundamental principles outlined in this article, you will gain the necessary knowledge to approach speculating on the crypto markets. A solid trading strategy significantly increases your chances of achieving your trading and investment goals.

What Is a Trading Strategy?

The concept of a trading strategy encompasses an extensive plan that governs all your trading activities. It serves as a guiding framework that empowers you throughout your trading journey.

By establishing a trading plan, you not only navigate the financial risk associated with trading but also eradicate the burden of unnecessary decision-making. While having a trading strategy is not obligatory, it can be a vital lifeline in unpredictable market scenarios. When unexpected events unfold (as they inevitably will), your trading plan should dictate your response, not your emotions. In essence, a well-constructed trading plan equips you to confront potential outcomes, preventing impulsive actions that often result in substantial financial losses.

A comprehensive trading strategy encompasses various elements, such as:

  • Determining the asset classes you trade.
  • Identifying the setups you pursue.
  • Selecting the tools and indicators you employ.
  • Establishing the triggers for your entries and exits, including stop loss placement.
  • Defining your position sizing approach.
  • Implementing effective documentation and performance measurement methods for your portfolio.

Furthermore, your trading plan may incorporate additional general guidelines, even minor details. For example, you can stipulate avoiding trading on Fridays or refraining from trading when fatigued or drowsy. Alternatively, you may create a trading schedule that restricts your trading activities to specific days of the week. Are you frequently monitoring Bitcoin prices over the weekend? Consider closing your positions before the weekend begins. Such personalized directives can seamlessly integrate into your trading strategy.

The development of a trading strategy may involve rigorous verification through backtesting and forward testing.

This article will explore two categories of trading strategies: active and passive. It is worth noting that the definitions of these strategies are not rigid, and there may be instances of overlap. In fact, it may prove advantageous to adopt a hybrid approach by amalgamating multiple strategies.

Active Trading Strategies 

Active trading strategies demand heightened dedication and involvement. The term "active" aptly characterizes these strategies, as they necessitate ongoing surveillance and frequent adjustments to one's portfolio.

Day Trading

Day trading, a widely recognized active trading strategy, is often misunderstood as the sole domain of all active traders. However, this is not the case.

Day trading revolves around swiftly entering and exiting positions within the same day. The objective is to capitalize on intraday price fluctuations, capturing the essence of price movements in a single trading session.

The term "day trading" originated from traditional markets, where trading occurs during specific hours, precluding the need for overnight positions. In contrast, digital currency trading platforms operate around the clock, 365 days a year. Consequently, day trading in the context of crypto markets refers to a short-term trading style characterized by entering and exiting positions within a 24-hour timeframe or less.

Day traders predominantly rely on price action and technical analysis to formulate their trading strategies. Additionally, they may employ various techniques to identify market inefficiencies. While day trading cryptocurrency can yield substantial profits for some, it is an endeavor that entails significant stress, demands constant attention, and carries elevated risk. Therefore, day trading is recommended for seasoned traders with advanced skills.

Swing Trading

Swing trading, an alluring trading strategy, encompasses holding positions longer than a single day but typically not extending beyond a few weeks or a month. Positioned between day trading and trend trading, swing trading strikes a harmonious balance.

Swing traders seek to capitalize on waves of volatility that unfold over several days or weeks. Their approach involves blending technical and fundamental factors to shape their trade ideas. While fundamental changes require more time to materialize, prompting the integration of fundamental analysis, chart patterns, and technical indicators also wield significant influence within a swing trading strategy.

For beginners, swing trading is the most suitable active trading strategy. One key advantage it offers over day trading is the relatively long duration of swing trades. This provides ample opportunity to monitor and evaluate trades without overwhelming complexity.

Consequently, traders have more time to deliberate decisions and react to unfolding market dynamics. Swing trading cultivates an environment where choices are made with thoughtful consideration, fostering rational decision-making. Conversely, day trading demands rapid decision-making and swift execution, which may prove less conducive for novice traders.

Trend Trading

Embracing the concept of trend trading, also known as position trading, entails adopting a strategy characterized by holding positions for an extended period, typically several months. As the name implies, trend traders aim to leverage directional trends, seizing opportunities by entering long positions during uptrends and short positions during downtrends.

Fundamental analysis often underpins the approach of trend traders, although its application may not be universal. Nonetheless, fundamental analysis encompasses assessing events that unfold gradually—precisely the movements trend traders seek to exploit.

A trend trading strategy assumes that the underlying asset will persist in following the established trend. However, trend traders must also remain cognizant of the potential for trend reversals. Consequently, they may integrate moving averages, trend lines, and other technical indicators into their strategy to enhance their success rate and mitigate financial risks.

When approached with due diligence and risk management, trend trading can be an optimal choice for novice traders, enabling them to navigate the markets confidently.


Scalping, renowned for its rapidity, is one of the swiftest trading strategies. Contrary to capitalizing on significant movements or prolonged trends, scalpers hone in on exploiting small increments repeatedly, such as bid-ask spreads, liquidity gaps, or other market inefficiencies.

The objective of scalpers is not to retain positions for an extended duration. It is common to witness scalp traders opening and closing positions within seconds, thereby forging a strong association between scalping and High-Frequency Trading (HFT).

If a trader discovers a recurring market inefficiency that can be skillfully exploited, scalping can prove exceptionally profitable. Each instance presents an opportunity to generate modest profits that accumulate over time. Scalping thrives in markets with robust liquidity, ensuring seamless and predictable execution of trades.

Nevertheless, due to its intricacy, scalping is considered an advanced trading strategy unsuitable for novice traders. It demands a profound understanding of market mechanics. Furthermore, scalping generally caters to larger traders, commonly called "whales." Given the smaller percentage profit targets, trading larger positions becomes a more logical approach.

Passive Investment

Passive investment strategies empower a more hands-off approach, necessitating minimal time and attention for portfolio management. Although distinctions exist between trading and investment strategies, the essence revolves around buying and selling assets to realize profits.

Buy and Hold

In passive investment strategies, the concept of "buy and hold" takes center stage. This strategy entails traders acquiring an asset to retain it for an extended period, regardless of market fluctuations.

Primarily employed in long-term investment portfolios, buy and hold emphasizes market entry over timing considerations. Its core premise lies in the belief that the specific timing or entry price becomes less significant over a sufficiently long timeframe.

Fundamental analysis is the primary foundation for the buy and hold strategy, with limited reliance on technical indicators. Furthermore, consistent portfolio performance monitoring remains infrequent, with periodic assessments sufficing.

Although Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies have emerged within the last decade, the "HODL" phenomenon shares similarities with the buy and hold strategy. However, it is crucial to acknowledge the inherent risks and volatility of cryptocurrencies as an asset class. While buying and holding Bitcoin has garnered recognition as a prominent strategy in the cryptocurrency space, the suitability of the buy and hold approach may vary for other cryptocurrencies.

Crypto Indexing

Index investing is expanding beyond traditional markets to include cryptocurrencies, marking a significant shift in the paradigm. This transformation unfolds within centralized cryptocurrency exchanges and the realm of Decentralized Finance (DeFi), offering many opportunities for investors.

The fundamental concept of a crypto index revolves around curating a diverse array of cryptoassets and encapsulating their collective performance in a token. This selection could encompass coins within a specific sector, such as privacy coins or utility tokens. Alternatively, it may consist of an entirely distinct composition as long as a reliable price feed is maintained. The seamless functioning of these tokens heavily relies on blockchain oracles, ensuring accurate data synchronization.

In practice, investors can leverage crypto indexes as an alternative to selecting individual coins. For instance, they may choose to invest in a privacy coin index, thus embracing the sector as a whole while mitigating the risk associated with individual coin selection.

As the future unfolds, tokenized index investing is poised to gain traction, permeating the landscape of investment strategies. By enabling a hands-off approach to invest within the blockchain industry and cryptocurrency markets, this innovative avenue paves the way for enhanced portfolio management efficiency and long-term growth potential.


Formulating a crypto trading strategy that aligns with your financial aspirations and individual disposition is undoubtedly a formidable undertaking. In our exploration, we have delved into many prevalent crypto trading strategies, hoping to shed light on the ideal approach for you. To ascertain the efficacy of each strategy, meticulous monitoring and adherence to predefined rules become paramount. Establishing a trading journal or spreadsheet proves invaluable in analyzing the performance of each strategy.

However, it is essential to recognize that indefinitely adhering to a singular strategy is not obligatory. Armed with an abundance of data and comprehensive trading records, you possess the power to fine-tune and adapt your methods over time. As your trading expertise flourishes, your strategies should organically evolve in tandem. Strategically allocating different segments of your portfolio to distinct strategies can prove advantageous. This enables you to scrutinize the individual performance of each strategy while skillfully managing risk, and safeguarding your investment endeavors.

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