Top 8 Reasons to Own Gold
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Top 8 Reasons to Own Gold

6 Min.

Gold has always been considered a valuable and unique commodity throughout history. Owning gold today can safeguard against inflation and deflation and help to diversify your investment portfolio effectively. Additionally, as a worldwide source of value, gold can also provide financial protection during times of geopolitical and macroeconomic instability.

Basics

Gold, revered globally for its enduring worth and deep-rooted historical significance, has garnered admiration across cultures for millennia. The inception of gold-containing coins traces back to approximately 650 B.C., while the earliest pure gold coins materialized roughly a century later, during the reign of King Croesus of Lydia.

Over centuries, gold has remained a cherished asset for many motives. Societies and, more recently, modern economies have consistently ascribed substantial value to this precious metal, thus sustaining its intrinsic importance. In times of monetary instability, gold emerges as the ultimate refuge, perpetually retaining its value as a safeguard against tumultuous financial circumstances. Below, there are eight practical reasons for owning gold.

Gold's Enduring Value

Gold's value stands in stark contrast to paper currency, coins, and other assets, as it has consistently maintained its worth over the ages. For generations, individuals have regarded gold as a means to transfer and safeguard their wealth, ensuring its preservation for the next lineage. Dating back to antiquity, people have treasured the exceptional attributes of this precious metal.

Gold possesses remarkable qualities that set it apart. It remains impervious to corrosion and can be effortlessly liquefied over an ordinary flame, rendering it malleable for coinage. Additionally, gold boasts a distinctive and captivating hue, setting it apart from other elements. According to Einstein's theory of relativity, denser atomic structures and swifter electron movement cause light absorption.

The Vulnerability of the U.S. Dollar

The U.S. dollar, a prominent global reserve currency, experiences heightened demand for gold as a refuge when its value diminishes relative to other currencies, as exemplified during the 1998-2008 period. This surge in gold demand subsequently propels gold prices upward. Notably, gold's price surged nearly threefold from 1998 to 2008, surmounting the significant milestone of $1,000 per ounce in early 2008. Subsequently, from 2008 to 2012, it nearly doubled, eclipsing the $2,000 threshold. The depreciation of the U.S. dollar can be attributed to multifaceted factors, including substantial national budget and trade deficits, coupled with a significant expansion of the money supply.

Gold as an Inflation Hedge

Gold has consistently served as a reliable safeguard against inflation, as its value typically ascends when the cost of living surges. Over the past half-century, investors have witnessed gold prices surge while the stock market experienced downturns during periods of elevated inflation. This phenomenon occurs because, as fiat currency's purchasing power erodes due to inflation, gold's valuation tends to rise in tandem with other commodities. Furthermore, gold's perception as a dependable store of value prompts individuals to invest in it when they perceive their local currency's depreciation.

Notably, despite the surge in inflation throughout 2022, gold prices experienced a downturn for most of the year. This was partly a consequence of the U.S. dollar's robust performance against other currencies. Nevertheless, as persistently high inflation rates persisted, coupled with apprehensions about a looming recession, gold prices increased in the closing months of 2022 and early 2023.

Safeguarding Against Deflation

Deflation, characterized by price declines, diminished economic activity, and the weight of excessive debt, has not been a global phenomenon since the Great Depression in the 1930s. However, some regions experienced limited deflation following the 2008 financial crisis. During the Great Depression, the relative purchasing power of gold surged while prices in other sectors plummeted. This happened because people chose to hoard cash, and gold and coins became the safest assets for preserving their value.

Gold's Stability Amid Geopolitical Turmoil

Gold's enduring worth endures not solely during financial instability but also in the face of geopolitical uncertainties. Often referred to as the "crisis commodity," gold becomes a refuge of choice when global tensions escalate. In these moments, gold frequently surpasses other investment options, experiencing its most pronounced price increases when trust in governmental entities wanes.

Constraints on Gold Supply

The gold market's supply dynamics have witnessed notable shifts since the 1990s, primarily driven by the sale of gold bullion from the vaults of international central banks. This divestment by global central banks experienced a significant deceleration in 2008. Concurrently, the extraction of fresh gold from mines has been on a declining trajectory since 2000.

According to data from BullionVault, annual gold-mining output decreased from 2,573 metric tons in 2000 to 2,444 metric tons in 2007. Subsequently, gold production embarked on a decade-long ascent, reaching peak levels of 3,300 metric tons in both 2018 and 2019 before tapering to 3,000 metric tons in 2021.

The recent dip in production portends the possibility of renewed pressure on global gold supplies. The process of bringing a new mine into operation can span from five to ten years. It is a well-established principle that a reduction in gold supply exerts upward pressure on gold prices.

Escalating Demand for Gold

In recent times, escalating wealth in emerging market economies has led to an upsurge in the demand for gold. In numerous of these nations, gold holds a pivotal role within their cultural fabric. Notably, in China, where gold bars are a customary means of savings, the demand for gold has remained unwavering. India, the world's second-largest consumer of gold, boasts a multitude of applications for the precious metal, most notably in jewelry. Consequently, the Indian wedding season in October traditionally serves as the pinnacle of global gold demand.

Moreover, there has been a burgeoning interest among investors in gold as a viable asset class for fund allocation. The SPDR Gold Trust (GLD), in particular, has emerged as one of the United States' largest and most frequently traded exchange-traded funds (ETFs).

Diversifying Portfolios With Gold

Effective portfolio diversification hinges on identifying investments with minimal correlation to one another. Throughout its historical trajectory, gold has consistently correlated negatively with stocks and various financial instruments. Recent history corroborates this phenomenon:

  • The late 1970s witnessed substantial gains in gold but a bleak period for stocks.
  • The 1980s and 1990s proved to be prosperous for stocks but detrimental for gold.
  • In 2008, stock markets experienced a significant downturn as investors turned to gold.

Astute investors skilled in diversification strategically incorporate gold alongside stocks and bonds within their portfolios. This prudent approach serves to mitigate overall volatility and risk.

How Can I Invest in Gold?

Various avenues exist for individuals seeking to invest in gold. Investors can acquire physical gold in the form of bullion, coins, or jewelry, though it's worth noting that safeguarding and ensuring physical gold assets can entail substantial expenses. Alternatively, one can consider investment options such as gold exchange-traded funds (ETFs) or the acquisition of shares in mining enterprises actively involved in extracting and producing this precious metal.

Conclusion

Gold plays a vital role in a diversified investment portfolio due to its tendency to appreciate when paper investments, including stocks and bonds, face declines in value. While gold prices can exhibit short-term volatility, they have consistently retained long-term value. Over the years, gold has functioned as an effective hedge against inflation and the depreciation of major currencies, rendering it a compelling investment option to contemplate.

Gold
Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)
Bullion Coins
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