What Is a Gold Fund?

What Is a Gold Fund?

4 Min.

Investment in gold can be made through various gold funds that provide exposure to the precious metal. These funds come in different forms, with three popular types being physical gold funds, gold futures contracts funds, and gold mining company funds. To hedge against inflation, investors usually prefer gold funds that hold gold bullion or futures. Conversely, investors who believe in the potential for gold may also include gold mining company funds in their portfolio.


Gold funds are a unique category of investment funds that focus on assets related to the precious metal. Among these funds, two prominent variations exist: those that secure physical gold bullion, gold futures contracts, or stakes in gold mining enterprises. Gold funds have garnered significant attention from investors who seek to safeguard their portfolios from potential inflationary pressures. Furthermore, they often find favor among "gold enthusiasts," individuals with a notably optimistic outlook on the future of gold as an investment.

Exploring Gold Funds

Gold funds, often structured as mutual funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs), serve as collective investment tools. Mutual funds typically extend access through financial institutions, while ETFs can be directly acquired via stock exchanges. Both avenues provide investors with a convenient means to access gold exposure without incurring the substantial storage and insurance expenses tied to owning physical gold bullion.

The choice of gold fund aligns with diverse investment objectives. Some investors opt for gold funds that secure gold bullion or futures, which safeguard against the eroding impact of inflation on their purchasing power. A shared concern among gold investors, driven by factors like expansive monetary policies, soaring government debt levels, and persistent trade imbalances, centers on the potential depreciation of the U.S. dollar (USD) over the long haul. These investors anticipate that a gold fund investment could counterbalance a possible USD decline, expecting that gold will emerge as a safe haven if the USD weakens.

Conversely, gold funds may entice other investors to invest directly in gold-producing companies, primarily focusing on capitalizing on potential gold price upticks. These investments prove enticing to those who foresee an uptrend in gold prices. Notably, the fixed operational costs of mining firms, including equipment and labor, remain relatively stable irrespective of gold price fluctuations. Consequently, a substantial surge in gold prices can significantly enhance the profitability of gold mining firms, making a gold fund specialized in this area an attractive avenue for capitalizing on potential gold appreciation. Conversely, a slump in gold prices could precipitate swift profit margin declines for gold mining companies.

Gold Fund Examples

Investors have many options to increase their gold exposure. One such prominent gold fund is the SPDR Gold Trust (GLD), renowned for its direct investments in gold futures contracts. Conversely, individuals keen on investments in gold mining enterprises often opt for the VanEck Vectors Gold Miners ETF (GDX). Nevertheless, the universe of gold funds extends beyond these examples, offering diverse choices.

Certain funds, diverging from the traditional focus on gold, choose to invest in mining firms. An instance of this is the Vanguard Global Capital Cycles Fund (VGPMX). This mutual fund diversifies its holdings by including precious metal and mining company assets in U.S. and foreign securities.


The world of gold investment offers a range of options to cater to various investment goals. Gold funds, encompassing physical gold, futures contracts, and gold mining companies, provide investors with diverse avenues to tap into the potential of this precious metal. Investors often turn to gold funds as a hedge against inflation, with a preference for bullion and futures holdings. Conversely, those bullish on gold may incorporate gold mining company funds in their portfolios. Whether through renowned options like SPDR Gold Trust or VanEck Vectors Gold Miners ETF or through more specialized choices like Vanguard Global Capital Cycles Fund, gold funds offer flexibility and exposure in the realm of precious metal investments.

Gold Fund
Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)
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