What Is First Digital USD (FDUSD)?

What Is First Digital USD (FDUSD)?

5 Min.


In June 2023, First Digital (FDUSD) was introduced as a stablecoin that is backed by reserves. It is issued by a subsidiary of First Digital Limited, a Hong Kong-based financial firm. Currently, FDUSD is available on the Ethereum and BNB Chain networks, but there are plans to issue it on other blockchains in the future. To demonstrate that FDUSD is fully supported by an equivalent value of cash or cash equivalents, it provides an "attestation of reserve" report that is audited by independent auditors.

Exploring First Digital USD (FDUSD)

First Digital USD (FDUSD) is a stablecoin launched in June 2023 by FD121 Limited, a subsidiary of the Hong Kong-based financial firm First Digital Limited. Its value is designed to be pegged to the U.S. dollar, with each FDUSD token backed by either one U.S. dollar or an equivalent asset held in reserves by its custodian, First Digital Trust Limited.

First Digital Trust Limited, a registered trust company in Hong Kong, manages FDUSD's reserves in separate accounts to ensure they remain distinct from the company's other assets. The reserves must be maintained in cash or highly liquid assets, supporting the stablecoin's 1:1 backing.

The issuer of FDUSD provides "attestation of reserve" reports, audited by independent firms, to confirm that an equivalent value of cash or cash-equivalent assets fully backs the amount of FDUSD in circulation. This verification process offers transparency and trust in the stability of FDUSD.

Initially launched on Ethereum and BNB Chain, FDUSD aims to expand to additional blockchains in the future. As the stablecoin market grows, FDUSD seeks to provide users with more options for diversification and use cases.

Benefits of Using FDUSD

Cryptocurrencies provide several benefits over traditional fiat currencies, such as quicker transactions, reduced fees, enhanced security, and increased privacy.

Stablecoins, including FDUSD, are designed to keep a consistent value, acting as a connection between conventional finance and the crypto market. They enable fiat currencies to be used within the crypto ecosystem while retaining the flexibility and efficiency of digital assets.

Applications of FDUSD

FDUSD has a range of applications, including:

  1. Remittances: FDUSD facilitates fast and cost-effective cross-border remittances, offering a cheaper alternative to traditional bank wires or transfers. Stablecoins like FDUSD generally have lower fees and can complete transactions faster than conventional methods.
  2. Payment Solutions: Businesses and individuals can use FDUSD for payment processing, benefiting from lower fees and quicker turnaround times. This is especially useful for international transactions, which often incur additional costs for currency conversion and cross-border transfers.
  3. Price Volatility Hedge: In a market where cryptocurrency prices can fluctuate significantly, FDUSD provides a stable option for hedging. Investors can convert other cryptocurrencies into FDUSD to secure profits or protect their assets during volatile periods.
  4. DeFi Utilization: FDUSD is compatible with various decentralized finance (DeFi) applications, allowing users to engage in yield farming, lending, borrowing, and staking.

Risks Associated With FDUSD

While FDUSD offers several advantages, users should be aware of potential risks, including:

  1. Depegging Risks: FDUSD's value relies on a reserve mechanism to ensure redemption at par value on demand. This stability is contingent upon the safety and liquidity of the underlying reserve assets, which are held by a third party and can vary from highly liquid to less liquid. There is a risk that the issuer may not meet its obligations, leading to potential instability or failure to redeem at par.
  2. Operational Risks: FDUSD is exposed to operational risks, such as fraud and cyberattacks. Because the stablecoin depends on third-party services like exchanges and custodians, any disruption or failure within these systems poses a threat to FDUSD's security and reliability. Additionally, there are few safeguards against loss or theft of crypto assets, potentially leaving users at risk.
  3. Regulatory Risks: Stablecoins like FDUSD operate in a regulatory landscape that is both uncertain and subject to change. The rules differ across jurisdictions and can shift quickly, possibly affecting FDUSD's operations. These regulatory risks could lead to restrictions or additional compliance burdens.
  4. Counterparty Risks: FDUSD relies on various financial intermediaries, introducing counterparty risks. Delays in redemption or unexpected costs could occur due to reliance on exchanges, banks, market makers, and other financial entities. This dependence on external parties may impact the stablecoin's performance and users' ability to redeem their assets efficiently.


Market analysts anticipate that the stablecoin sector could expand from just over $160 billion in mid-2024 to trillions of dollars within the next five years. FDUSD is one of many new players entering this rapidly growing stablecoin market.

As cryptocurrencies gain traction, both traditional financial companies and crypto-native businesses are exploring stablecoin issuance to cater to specific markets and audiences. This trend will likely result in more stablecoin options for users seeking flexible and stable digital assets. However, like any investment, they come with risks that users need to be aware of. It's important to do your research before investing or using stablecoins. This includes reviewing the whitepaper, reserve reports, audit results, and legal disclaimers available on the issuer's website. By doing so, you can ensure transparency and reliability and make informed decisions about using or investing in stablecoins.

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