What Is Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE)?
The Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE) is one of two major independent stock exchanges in mainland China. As of 2023, it is the world's sixth-largest stock exchange by market capitalization, valued at $6.22 trillion. The SZSE mainly focuses on trading smaller and emerging-sector companies, and the majority of its investors are individual investors.
There are two autonomous stock exchanges in Mainland China: the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE) and the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE). SZSE operates as an autonomous legal entity overseen by the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC). SZSE assumes critical roles in governing securities trading, offering trading facilities, and formulating operational regulations.
Exploring the Shenzhen Stock Exchange
The Shenzhen Stock Exchange came into existence on December 1, 1990, in the dynamic city of Shenzhen, situated in southeastern China. The SZSE's iconic skyscraper, nestled in the Futian District, began its construction journey in 2008, reaching completion in 2013, soaring to a remarkable height of 806 feet and encompassing 49 floors.
As of 2023, the SZSE proudly holds the position of the world's sixth-largest stock exchange when measured by market capitalization, boasting an impressive $6.22 trillion. Operating rigorously for four hours daily, Monday through Friday, its trading sessions unfold from 9:15 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. and then resume from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m.
The SZSE's diverse product portfolio includes A-shares, B-shares, indices, mutual funds, fixed-income offerings, and various derivative financial products. Many companies gracing its listings are subsidiaries affiliated with entities under substantial Chinese government influence.
In contribution to China's multi-tiered capital market system, the SZSE oversees three distinct boards: the Main Board, the SME Board, and the ChiNext Market. The SME Board, inaugurated in May 2004, primarily caters to stable, profit-generating companies, predominantly within the manufacturing sector. Serving as a bellwether for China's manufacturing landscape, this board's significance is undeniable.
On the other hand, the ChiNext Market, established in October 2009, offers an inclusive platform for companies of all sizes that meet specific listing criteria, with a pronounced emphasis on fostering innovative growth and nurturing startups. These areas of innovation span technology, management, and evolving business models.
The global reach of the SZSE extends through memorandums of understanding (MOUs) inked with 50 prominent stock exchanges and financial institutions worldwide. Additionally, it maintains its affiliation with esteemed bodies like the World Federation of Exchanges (WFE) and the Asian and Oceanian Stock Exchanges Federation (AOSEF). It holds the status of an affiliate member within the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO).
Shenzhen vs. Shanghai Stock Exchanges
The Shenzhen Stock Exchange primarily facilitates trading for smaller, emerging-sector companies, with individual investors forming most of its trading participants. In contrast, the Shanghai Stock Exchange predominantly hosts larger state-owned enterprises, including banks and energy corporations, drawing most of its investors from financial institutions like banks and pension funds. These two exchanges, both inaugurated in 1990, are integral components of the Chinese government's initiative to modernize the nation's economy by inviting foreign investors to participate.
The Shenzhen Stock Exchange is a major independent stock exchange in Mainland China, ranking as the world's sixth-largest by market capitalization at $6.22 trillion as of 2023. It focuses on smaller, emerging-sector companies with individual investors as the majority.
Established in 1990, the SZSE is part of China's effort to modernize its economy by welcoming foreign investors. Its counterpart, the Shanghai Stock Exchange, caters to larger state-owned enterprises and institutional investors. Together, these exchanges play a crucial role in China's economic transformation and global integration.