What Is the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)?

What Is the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)?

3 Min.


The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is a prominent government agency dedicated to ensuring public safety. With a primary focus on shielding citizens from potentially dangerous consumer goods, this independent regulatory body vigilantly addresses risks associated with fire, chemical exposure, electrical malfunctions, and mechanical failures. Of utmost concern to the CPSC are products that imperil children, warranting heightened attention. Moreover, the CPSC not only investigates consumer grievances regarding unsafe products but also proactively initiates recalls for defective items or those infringing upon mandatory standards.

What Is the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)?

Established under the Consumer Product Safety Act in 1972, the Consumer Product Safety Commission is vigilant in monitoring a wide array of consumer goods. The CPSC diligently oversees these products, from power tools and cribs to toys, household chemicals, and cigarette lighters.

Tasked with various responsibilities, the CPSC's mandate encompasses:

  1. Collaborating with industries to establish voluntary product standards.
  2. Implementing mandatory standards when necessary.
  3. Prohibiting specific products if existing standards fail to ensure adequate public protection.
  4. Enforcing standards by issuing recalls or repair orders as deemed necessary.
  5. Conducting independent research on potential hazards.
  6. Addressing consumer inquiries and complaints about specific products.
  7. Disseminating vital information and educating consumers through media and government channels.

Recalling Unsafe Products: CPSC's Vital Mission

A core objective of the agency entails addressing the recall of hazardous products. Predominantly, these recalls are voluntary, with manufacturers willingly withdrawing the items from retail shelves and refunding affected consumers. This cooperative approach serves as the primary course of action for rectifying potential dangers associated with products.

However, when manufacturers or distributors fail to take prompt and decisive action to address faulty items, the agency may resort to mandatory recalls. Notable instances of recalled products encompass a wide range, including bicycles, baby strollers, propane tanks, and electric chargers.

To facilitate public access to recall information, the comprehensive SaferProducts.gov database has been established. As a platform for consumers, child service providers, healthcare professionals, government officials, and public safety entities, SaferProducts.gov enables the submission of reports detailing harm caused by consumer products. Manufacturers and private labelers mentioned in these reports receive copies and are allowed to comment. The completed reports, along with manufacturer comments, are then published on the website for public access.

Additionally, the CPSC website provides detailed information regarding recalled products, including their names, associated hazards, remedies such as refunds, recall dates, and the number of faulty units circulating in the market.

Furthermore, the CPSC actively engages in promoting pool safety through its national campaign called "Pool Safely." Collaborating with partners nationwide, the campaign endeavors to minimize child drownings and entrapments in swimming pools and spas.

Recognizing the risks posed by All-Terrain Vehicles (ATVs), the agency also maintains the ATV Safety Info Center. Emphasizing the importance of keeping ATVs off paved public roads, this initiative aims to curb the alarming statistics of over 700 annual deaths and 100,000 injuries attributed to ATV incidents.


The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission is committed to protecting public safety by monitoring and addressing risks associated with consumer products. The CPSC focuses on safeguarding children and addressing hazards related to fire, chemicals, electricity, and mechanical failures. Through voluntary and mandatory recalls, the CPSC rectifies faulty products and promotes transparency. The CPSC also engages in public education campaigns, such as Pool Safely and the ATV Safety Info Center, to prevent drownings, entrapments, and injuries. With its unwavering dedication, the CPSC ensures consumer trust and maintains product safety.

Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)
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