What Is the Flare Network and Its Spark Token?

What Is the Flare Network and Its Spark Token?

Flare is a distributed network that enables two-way bridges between Ethereum and the XRP Ledger. It allows the XRP token to be utilized in smart contracts. The native token of Flare is called Spark Token. XRP holders receive a portion of Spark Tokens through an airdrop. Simply holding XRP qualifies you to receive your share of the airdropped tokens.


The XRP Ledger (XRPL) is primarily designed for global payments and foreign exchange. However, its functionality is limited in other areas. The Flare Network addresses this limitation by enabling smart contract capability for the XRP token. The network has its native token called Spark, and a portion of Spark tokens is distributed through an airdrop to eligible XRP holders. Curious about how to obtain them? Keep reading.

Flare Network

Flare Network is a distributed network that integrates the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) to enable the execution of Turing complete smart contracts. By utilizing the EVM, which converts smart contracts into machine-readable instructions, Flare Network can support a wide range of computational tasks, as long as there is sufficient memory available.

The network aims to create a decentralized application ecosystem and offers scalability for smart contract networks. Flare Network utilizes the Avalanche consensus protocol, adapted to work with Federated Byzantine Agreement (FBA). Unlike traditional economic mechanisms such as Proof of Stake (PoS), Flare's consensus algorithm does not rely on token staking for network security.

This design choice is significant because it allows the network token to be utilized for various purposes, even those that may pose risks for networks relying on the token for security. The creators of Flare believe that this approach enhances the versatility of the token without compromising its security.

What Is the Spark Token (FLR)?

The native token of the Flare Network is called Spark. Its primary purpose is to prevent spam attacks by introducing a cost for transactions. If transactions were free, the network could be overwhelmed with meaningless transactions. Additionally, the Spark Token serves various functions:

  1. Collateral for decentralized applications (DApps)
  2. Supplying data to an on-chain oracle
  3. Participation in protocol governance

These functionalities are designed to support the development of Spark Dependent Applications (SDAs), which rely on Spark. SDAs can enable the representation of tokens from other networks, even those that lack native smart contract support.

What Is the FXRP Token?

FXRP is a trustless representation of the XRP token on the Flare Network. XRP holders can create and redeem FXRP through smart contracts, eliminating the need for a central party to issue wrapped tokens.

To ensure the maintenance of a 1:1 peg between XRP and FXRP, participants contribute Spark Tokens as collateral and earn fees during the creation and redemption processes. This system, along with potential arbitrage opportunities, helps uphold the peg.

FXRP showcases how Flare enables smart contract functionality on networks that lack native support. It allows XRP to be utilized in smart contracts in a trustless manner, without relying on a centralized issuer for wrapped tokens.


The Flare Network and its native token, Spark, offer innovative solutions for integrating different blockchain networks and enabling smart contract functionality for tokens that lack native support. The airdrop of Spark Tokens to eligible XRP holders has generated interest in the network and its potential applications. With the introduction of SDAs and FXRP, the Flare Network demonstrates how it can facilitate the creation of new token representations while ensuring trustlessness and security.


Spark Token
Flare Network