What Is DeFi Liquidation?

What Is DeFi Liquidation?

3 Min.


Defi liquidation happens when the value of a borrower's collateral in a Defi agreement drops below a certain threshold. This could be risky for both parties due to the volatile nature of cryptocurrency values. To lower the risk of liquidation, participants can maintain a margin between their collateral and the asset they are borrowing.

What Is Liquidation in Decentralized Finance (DeFi)?

Decentralized Finance offers a novel approach to obtaining loans without relying on conventional financial institutions. Users pledge a cryptocurrency asset as collateral to secure these loans. Nonetheless, the inherent volatility of cryptocurrency prices significantly raises the likelihood of the collateral being liquidated. In such events, the borrower forfeits their pledged asset. This dynamic introduces distinct risks for both individual participants and the broader DeFi ecosystem.

Assessing the Risks of Crypto Collateral in DeFi

Within the DeFi sector, securing a loan requires offering cryptocurrency as collateral. Given the high volatility of crypto assets, the value of this collateral can fluctuate dramatically in a short timeframe. Should the collateral's value drop, it ceases to be effective as a lender's guarantee. This situation elevates the risk for borrowers, who may consequently forfeit their pledged collateral.

Consider a scenario where you engage in a borrowing agreement through a lending protocol, using your valuable cryptocurrency as collateral. If the market value of your crypto asset falls below a predefined liquidation threshold, the protocol will automatically liquidate your position. This involves auctioning your collateral at a reduced price. Consequently, you lose your collateral not due to an inability to repay the loan, but because the market devalued your asset. Thus, in DeFi, participants are significantly influenced by market fluctuations.

Lender Risks in Decentralized Finance

Lenders in the DeFi ecosystem face significant risks due to the inherent volatility of cryptocurrency. When a borrower's collateral is liquidated, there's a chance that the market may lack sufficient buyers for those assets, potentially leaving the lending protocol unable to recover the loaned amount. To address this issue, protocols typically auction liquidated assets at a discount, encouraging third parties to purchase them swiftly and thus ensuring quick recovery of funds.

Strategies to Mitigate Liquidation Risk in DeFi

To mitigate the risks associated with volatile collateral, borrowers might maintain a buffer between their collateral and the borrowed asset's value. In the event of adverse market movements, they can either deposit additional collateral or begin repaying the loan to prevent liquidation. Additionally, understanding how to read smart contracts can be advantageous, enabling participants to thoroughly assess the protocols they use and their specific terms and conditions.

Crypto Loans Tools

If you want to try crypto loans with lower interest rates and risk management options, check out HEXN Loans. Here you can get loans with BTC collateral and borrow USDT. Your liquidation price and the amount of USDT available for borrowing with your collateral will be calculated for you.



DeFi liquidation occurs when the value of a borrower's collateral drops below a set threshold, posing significant risks due to the volatile nature of cryptocurrency. Both borrowers and lenders in the DeFi space are exposed to these risks, which can lead to the loss of pledged assets. To mitigate such risks, participants are advised to maintain a buffer between their collateral and the borrowed asset's value. Additionally, enhancing your understanding of smart contracts can help in evaluating and managing the terms of DeFi agreements more effectively. Ultimately, while DeFi offers innovative financial opportunities, it also demands careful risk management and informed participation.

DeFi Liquidation